Coordination, Cooperation, and Collaboration

Dave Pollard writes that these words “are often used interchangeably. They shouldn’t be.”

Coordination: Shared objectives; Need for more than one person to be involved; Understanding of who needs to do what by when

Cooperation: Shared objectives; Need for more than one person to be involved; Mutual trust and respect; Acknowledgment of mutual benefit of working together

Collaboration: Shared objectives; Sense of urgency and commitment; Dynamic process; Sense of belonging; Open communication; Mutual trust and respect; Complementary, diverse skills and knowledge; Intellectual agility

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