For India to develop, the shift from an agricultural economy to one driven by manufacturing and services is critical. Labour needs to be freed up from agriculture. For that, agriculture needs to become more productive. Reforms in the agricultural markets are important for increasing farm incomes. There are too many intermediaries – including the government … Continue reading Big Ideas for India Contest: Question 6: What is needed for Indian agriculture to become more productive?
India’s first-generation of economic reforms started in 1991 and continued for much of the next decade under different governments. But over the past few years, for a variety of reasons, they have stopped. Even as the economy chugs along powered by the private sector, there are clear limits to how fast it can grow and … Continue reading Big Ideas for India Contest: Question 5: Which are the key economic reforms India needs to pursue?
The last question on the governance model (before we move on to specific sectors) relates to how India should be perceived globally and in the neighbourhood. Sandwiched between Pakistan and China, India has few options to maneuver. Is there such a thing as a soft state? Is our ‘softness’ with its genesis in the non-aligned … Continue reading Big Ideas for India Contest: Question 4: Should India be a soft state or an assertive one?
India has a federal structure of government, but that is increasingly getting centralised. Delhi has been deciding what is good for everyone, and creating policies for the states to implement. Is that the best model? What about the third-tier of government – at the corporation / panchayat level? Is that getting marginalised? For the most … Continue reading Big Ideas for India Contest: Question 3: How should the government-citizen engagement model be?
In India, we have a paradoxical situation of maximum government, minimal governance. While it is not possible to simply say that we will have minimal government given the challenges that still lie unaddressed, what should the focus for government in India be? Linked with this is the question of the objective of the government. As … Continue reading Big Ideas for India Contest: Question 1: What should the government’s role be in India?