Infodev has published a report (PDF) looking at its use for developing countries. From the executive summary:
– Interest in Open Source Software (OSS) is increasing globally.
– OSS is about choice.
– Government leaders have a key role to play.
– There is opportunity for local capacity development.
– OSS is but one part of an ICT strategy.
One of the sections refers to some interesting and useful OSS projects: Compiere (ERP), Koha.org (Library Management), Linux Terminal Server Project, MySQL and Wikipedia.