Dr. Aniruddha Malpani writes about a debate that has been revived in India:
India is now in a turmoil because the government wants to extend the proportion of reserved seats in educational institutions. While the rationale for reserving seats for “backward classes” in order to help them develop themselves makes sense, I feel this is the wrong approach.
The reservation is on the basis of social origin – not on economic grounds ! This means that even very rich students who happen to have been born in a “backward class” take advantage of this reservation – though they are not disadvantaged at all. This means the system is rampantly misused.
The system also breeds segregation and resentment. Rather than helping the backward classes to achieve mainstream integration, it has just created unhappiness and frustration amongst the general public, who now feel “underprivileged” because their children no longer have access to educational opportunities, because most of the seats have been reserved !